IVF Process, Preparation & Risks, The Ultimate Guide

IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization which is a process of combining an egg with a sperm to fertilize outside a human body and in glass called in vitro. The embryologists of the IVF clinics or fertility clinics conduct in vitro fertilization process step by step. Although the IVF process works through several steps with maintaining different techniques, here are the basic IVF process, preparation, and risks factors:

IVF Procedure

IVF procedure starts with a consultation about the entire medical history of you and your husband or partner that will take place in the hospital or clinic. The doctors will inform you of the procedure schedule, and when and what types of medication you will have to take for this purpose during your IVF cycle. During week 5 and week 6, you will have to undergo Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation (COH) after a positive ultrasound result of the test of your uterus and ovaries during you remain under medication and monitoring by the embryologists. If your fallopian tubes grow to the accurate size within the 7th week, and HCG is done to make the eggs ultimately matured. The next procedure is ultrasound egg retrieval. If there is an infertility problem detected of the male counterpart, then the help of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is taken. The specialists monitor which of the embryos have gained the possibility of the highest success rates after three to six days of fertilization so that they can transfer the best embryo to the uterus of the would-be pregnant. Whether you are planning to start IVF process, you might have all the preparation including physical fitness, increasing eggs and sperms quality, arranging money for surrogacy process costs etc.

Preparation for In Vitro Fertilization

When you decide to take IVF treatment to have a child, you must take some preparation for the treatment like building a habit of eating a healthy, well-balanced diet if you are not already in the habit, starting to take prenatal vitamins, maintaining a healthy weight by doing physical exercises like yoga, stretching, aerobics, light to moderate weight training in the gym or at home, completely avoiding smoking, never taking recreational drugs, not drinking alcohol at all, avoiding to travel to any countries or areas that have been alarmingly endangered with highly infectious diseases like COVID-19, Zika, or such other viruses, eliminating or reducing your caffeine intake etcetera. You should also manage your stress before and during the IVF process, and it is a very important preparation. The legendary physicians believe that most of the physical problems are the result of the mental state of the patients and that most parts of any physical problem can be solved by the psychological soundness of a patient. Thus surrogacy is one of the sensitive clinical processes and several risk factors occur including health and financial risks etc. So you might have complete preparation to face the IVF and start your surrogacy process.

Risks Associated with IVF

The risks associated with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) are medication side effects, multiple births, premature delivery and low birth weight, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, miscarriage, egg retrieval procedure complications, ectopic pregnancy, birth defects, cancer, and risks for older women. Being aware of the potential risks of IVF before you start IVF treatment will help you to handle the risks with more confidence easily. The side effects of medications may be hot flushes, feeling down or irritable, restlessness, headaches, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Risks associated with multiple births are miscarriage, pregnancy related high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, anemia, and heavy bleeding, and needing a c-section. Babies of multiple births are at the risk of serious diseases like Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (NRDS) or long term disabilities like cerebral palsy.

Final Words

Parenthood is a basic want for everyone, no matter intended for single people or couples. Surrogacy makes it possible for everyone where the method is known as the IVF process. If all the procedures of in vitro fertilization are successful, you are going to have a healthy baby. The overall success rate of the IVF procedure is not bad at all. And take good preparation before you start IVF treatment. The doctors in the IVF clinic will tell you from time to time about the risks you are likely to fall in, and you may ask any question to them to get the correct answers.

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