Carrot farming is an important root vegetable crop. Carrot is cultivated all over India, and people use both raw and cooked carrots. Moreover, the carrot has carotene and vitamin A which is very beneficial for the human body.
The amount of carotene is found in orange-coloured carrots. The green leaves of carrots contain many nutrients such as minerals, proteins and vitamins, etc., which are beneficial when feeding animals. In addition, the green leaves of carrots are used to make fodder for chickens. Carrot is mainly grown in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Karnataka, Punjab and Haryana.
We are showing here some essential points that are very beneficial for the carrot farming business.
Carrot is a cold climate crop. However, its seed can grow successfully at 7.5 to 28 ° C temperature. But, its growth and colour are greatly affected by temperature. At 15-20 ° C the size of the roots is small, but the colour is best. Effect of temperature on different varieties – Varies. For example, European types require 4.8 -10 °C to 0-grade temperature during root formation for 4-6 weeks.
Carrot cultivation is good in loamy land. Although the field’s soil should be well friable when sowing, the roots are well-formed, drainage of water in the land is essential.
Initially, we should plough the field twice with tractors and plough implement, and the Swaraj Tractor has the unique capacity for this operation. After that, we should do 3-4 ploughings with an indigenous plough; after each ploughing, the pada must be planted. So that the soil becomes friable, it should be friable up to 30 cm 0 depth.
Advanced Varieties of Carrots
It is the best red coloured carrot variety. Leaves are small and roots long, attractive red colour central part and narrow. The crop is ready in 90-110 days. Yield: 300-350 quintal per hectare.
It is a hybrid with orange flesh, a short top and high content of carotene. Early sowing, sowing of carrots can be done till October-August-September. Seed is produced in the field. The crop is ready in 100-110 days after sowing. The yield is 250-300 quintals per hectare.
This species has been developed by I.A.R.I. ‘s regional centre Katarine. Its yield is 150-200 quintals per hectare.
The roots of this variety are cylindrical orange in colour. Additionally, the central part of the root is soft, sweet and fragrant. Ready in 110-112 days. The yield is 100-125 quintals per hectare.
Manures and Fertilizers
Apply about 25-30 tonnes of suitable dung manure at the time of last ploughing and 30 kg nitrogen and 30 kg potash per hectare in a one-hectare field at the time of sowing. After 5-6 weeks of sowing, apply 30 kg nitrogen as a top dressing.
After sowing, the first irrigation should be done in the drain so that the moisture remains in the bunds. Then irrigation should be done at an interval of 8 to 10 days. Irrigation should be done at an interval of 4 to 5 days in summer. The field should never dry up; otherwise, the yield should be less. Becomes
Many weeds grow with the crop of carrots, which take moisture and nutrients in the soil, due to which the growth and development of carrot plants are adversely affected, so it becomes vital to remove them from the field while weeding. In addition, the middle distance should be increased by eliminating the necessary plants and light weeding near the growing roots.
This disease is produced by a mould called Pythium aphanidermatum. Due to this disease, the plant becomes infected as soon as the seed germinates – sometimes, the seedling cannot get out of the ground. And the seed completely rots, the lower part of the stem, which is covered with the soil. It remains attached to the surface, gets rotten. As a result, the plants’ break and fall from there. The sudden fall and rotting of plants is the main reason for wet thawing.
- Choose the right tractor for particular work like the Mahindra tractor for ploughing operations.
- Treat the seed with cow urine before sowing.
- We should do light irrigation.
Digging and Production
Carrot roots should be excavated when they are fully developed. There should be sufficient moisture in the area at the time of digging. Should drill cores in February. Should wash the roots thoroughly before sending them to the market. Its yield depends on the variety. Asiatic varieties give more production. The Pusa variety is about 300-350 quintals per hectare, Pusa Medhaali 250-300 quintals per hectare, while the Nantes variety gives 100-112 quintals per hectare.
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